California State Military Museum
Camp Roberts (120.743W
35.793N) was an important Army training center in the coastal
ranges of central California. The
camp was located on the old Mission Trail north of Mission San Miguel
at a site that was identified in 1902 as a suitable location for an
Army post. However, a local physician wrote directly to the President
disparaging the site, and the purchase of land for the camp was delayed
until 1940. The camp officially opened in March 1941 and was one of the
largest military training centers in the world. It continued to be
expanded through purchases of adjoining land until 1943.
The camp was named after a World War I tank driver and posthumous Medal of Honor recipient, Corporal Harold W. Roberts, who lost his life helping a fellow crewman escape from his tank after it fell into a shell crater filled with rain water.
With an acreage of 44,379 acres and barracks for 1612 officers and 34,181 men, Camp Roberts trained large numbers of infantry and artillery troops. By the end of the war, some 436,000 troops had rotated through the seventeen-week training course. At the time war broke out, 26 Field Artillery Brigade and 30 Field Artillery Regiment (155mm howitzer) were stationed here.
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Davis (accessed 2012-9-7)
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