The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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|Tonnage||1395 tons standard|
|Dimensions||341'3" by 34'3" by 16'4"
104.01m by 10.44m by 1.96m
|Maximum speed||36.5 knots|
4 0.50 machine guns
2x4 21" torpedo tubes
2 depth charge tracks (14 depth charges)
||2-shaft geared turbine
4 Yarrow boilers
|Bunkerage||400 tons fuel oil|
|Range||6500 nautical miles (12,000km) at 12 knots
5800 nautical miles (10,700km) at 15 knots
|| Early 1942: One 5" mount and
machine guns replaced with 8x1 20mm Oerlikon AA
By 1943: Radar added, generally SC, SG, and FD. Three of the single 20mm guns replaced with 2x2 40mm Bofors.
At some point two depth charge
were added to most units.
1934-1935 and were the first U.S. destroyers built since the early
1920s. Designed to replace the aging "flush-deckers", they
design for their time, being the first U.S.
to mount 5" dual-purpose guns, which used new director technology
superior to its foreign counterparts. All armament was put on the
centerline, where it could contribute to either broadside, and a
forecastle was re-introduced to reduce the wetness of the ships
forward. The stern hull form was improved and, with it,
maneuverability. However, the guns
still did not have enclosed
mounts (just shields on the two forward guns) and the ships were
built, with longitudinal framing and welded construction to reduce
weight. They were also too top heavy, a fault that would
characterize U.S. destroyer designs prior to the Fletchers.
This would prove fatal to the
and Monaghan when
they capsized in a typhoon
late in the war. Oddly, the ships completed with sonar but no
charge racks. However, provisions were made to add these in time
war, and these were almost certainly in place by the time war
in the Pacific.
American sailors had become fond of the "flush-deckers", and the
ships were derisively nicknamed the "Gold Platers" for their
comparatively lavish facilities.
in a typhoon
1944-12-17 off Luzon
|Monaghan||Pearl Harbor||Foundered in a typhoon 1944-12-17 off Luzon|
|Worden||Pearl Harbor||Grounded and lost 1943-1-12 in the Aleutians|
|Dewey||Task Force 11 (Halsey, Enterprise) west of Oahu|
(2010; accessed 2012-12-21)
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007, 2009-2010, 2012, 2016 by Kent G. Budge. Index
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