The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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U.S. Air Force. Via Francillon (1979)
|Dimensions||38'9" by 26'3" by 11'11"
11.8m by 8m by 3.64m
20 square meters
|Maximum speed||216 mph at 5905 feet
348 km/h at 1800 meters
|Cruising speed||147 mph
|Climb rate||25 feet per second
7.6 meters per second
|Service ceiling||26,740 feet
|Power plant||One 450 hp (336 kW) Hitachi Ha-13a 9-cylinder radial engine driving a two-blade wooden propeller.|
Type 89 Model 2 machine gun (cowling)
One 7.7mm Type 89 Special machine gun (rear cockpit)
|External stores||10 33lb (15 kg) bombs for conventional attack, or one 1102 lb (500 kg) bomb for suicide sorties|
|Production||A total of 1332 production Ki-36:
Tachikawa Hikoki K.K.: 860 Ki-36 from November 1938 to January 1944
Kawasaki Kokuki Kogyo K.K.: 472 Ki-36 from June 1940 to May 1942 (Gifu plant)
||The Ki-55 was a trainer version.
The Tachikawa Ki-36 was an Army cooperation aircraft, intended primarily for battlefield observation but with some ground-attack capability. It was designed to operate from small airstrips and to be capable of maneuvering at low speeds and altitudes.
The design went back to May 1937, when the Army
issued a specification for a fast monoplane reconnaissance
with a good rough field capability. The design team, under Endo
Ryokichi, achieved the required low-speed maneuverability by
a light airframe with large wings. The wings were swept well back
give the pilot good visibility, while windows under the wing
sections gave the observer a good field of view. Its control
unusually large, which made it very light on the controls. The
flew on 20 April 1938 and the design went into production in
Its characteristics made the aircraft
and it could only be effectively utilized in controlled airspace,
that it saw most of its action in China.
A small number were given to Thailand.
Its characteristics were suitable for a trainer and the Ki-55 was a modified version produced for this purpose.
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