Ki-54 "Hickory", Japanese Trainer Aircraft

Photograph of Ki-54 "Hickory"
        trainer aircraft

National Archives

Tachikawa Ki-54 "Hickory"


Crew 2 to 9
Dimensions       39'2" x 58'8" x 11'9"
11.94m by 17.88m by 3.58m
Weight 6512-8591 lbs
2594-3897 kg
Speed 234 mph at 6560 feet
377 km/h at 2000 meters
149 mph
240 k m/h
Climb rate 13.5 feet per second
4.1 meters per second
Service ceiling     
22,555 feet
7180 m
Power plant Two 450 hp (336 kW) Army Type 99 nine-cylinder radial engines (Hitachi Ha-13a) driving two-blade propellers.
Armament Four flexible 7.7mm Type 89 machine guns and practice bombs.
Range 597 miles at 149 mph
960 km at 240 km/h
Production Tachikawa Hikoki K.K.:
  1940: 7
  1941: 101
  1942: 236
  1943: 386
  1944: 500
  1945: 138


The Ki-54c was a light transports carrying up to 8 passengers. The similar Y-59 was produced in small numbers for civilian use.
The Ki-54d was an antisubmarine patrol aircraft carrying 8 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges. Only a few were built and they saw little action.

The Ki-54 was a very successful trainer that was also produced in a transport version. The design was requested in late 1939 and was required to closely match the handling and performance of the Army's twin-engine bombers. The prototype first flew in the summer of 1940 and the design went into production in 1941. Though meant to train entire bomber crews, early production was designed primarily for pilot training (Ki-54a). Later production (Ki-54b) had gun stations for training four gunners.

A few were converted to antisubmarine duty. Wooden transport and tanker versions were planned but never went into production. Allied intelligence assigned the name "Joyce" to a nonexistent light bomber version.


Francillon (1979)

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