Note: The order of battle pages
in the Pacific War Online Encyclopedia are still under
We present here the New Zealand order of battle from 7 December 1941 on. Units that deployed as part of a higher echelon (such as brigades assigned to divisions) are not listed separately. Also, units redesignated from other units are not included. Units that saw no service in the Pacific are not included. The intent is to give a reasonable reinforcement schedule for war games.
Unit. This is the name of the unit.
Commander. This is the commander of the unit at the time of its activation. For units already active when war broke out, it is the commander of the unit on 7 December 1941. In general, we do not display commanders below flag or general rank. Ships showing a commander are the flagship of that commander.
Start. This gives the date and location of the unit's activation. For units already active when war broke out, only the location is given (at 8:00 AM on 7 December 1941, Hawaii time). If no location is given, a unit should be assumed to be at the same location as its operational headquarters (or administrative headquarters if no operational assignment is given.) Naval headquarters are located on the flagship of their commander unless otherwise specified.
The administrative assignments in this table represent the formal
organizational structure. The table is sorted by adminstrative
assignment, such that every unit appears after the unit to which
it is administratively assigned.
The operational assignment, if one is given, represents temporary
attachment to another unit for a single operation. For example, a
cruiser might be
administratively assigned to a cruiser division, but be
operationally assigned to a task force for a particular mission.
Notes. Miscellaneous information about a unit, such as its manpower and equipment, where it was raised, what its initial orders were, and how well it performed in battle.
The order of battle tables are laid out for maximum readability by software tools while retaining some semblance of human readability. In addition to the displayed text and associated links, each unit has an HTML anchor with a unique identifier based on the unit name. For example, the entry for 3 Division includes the anchor 3_Division which appears immediately before the unit name in the table. These anchors are used to cross-reference the tables but may also be of use to software tools scanning the tables.
We are considering offering the complete orders of battle as SQL files or as C++ code. Users of the Encyclopedia who desire these or other formats may write to email@example.com and make their desires know.
||The commander-in-chief of all
Commonwealth forces was formally King George VI, but His
Majesty was a constitutional monarch with very limited
powers. The political leadership of New Zealand was in the
hands of the Cabinet, and Fraser as Prime Minister was the de facto leader of the
nation and its armed forces.
|New Zealand Military Forces||Sir Edward Puttick||Auckland||Cabinet
Zealand Expeditionary Force
||Bernard C. Freyberg
||New Zealand Military Forces||Headquartered in the Middle
East when war broke out
|8 Brigade Group||Suva||2 New Zealand Expeditionary Force||Initially five battalions,
plus platoons on Rorotonga
and Fanning, the
latter including an artillery
battery. Three battalions were at Suva and two at Lautoka.
Also a battery on Suva.
Generally short on heavy weapons. Three more battalions were
dispatched shortly after war broke out.
||New Zealand Military Forces||New Zealand's militia
|Northern Military District||Peter H. Bell
|1 Auckland Battalion||Northern Military District|
|1 Mounted Rifles||Northern Military District|
||Northern Military District|
|Central Military District||Norman W.M. Weir
|1 Wellington Battalion||Central Military District|
|2 Mounted Rifles||Central Military District|
|2 Brigade||Central Military District|
|Southern Military District||Owen H. Mead
|1 Canterbury Battalion||Southern Military District|
|3 Mounted Rifles||Southern Military District|
|3 Brigade||Southern Military District|
|Fiji Defense Force
||New Zealand Military Forces||Equivalent to about two battalions. Not clear
how these related to the 8 Brigade
at Viti Levu. Redesignated as Fiji
|Royal New Zealand Air Force||Saunders||Wellington||Cabinet|
|488 Squadron||Kallang||Royal New Zealand Air Force||224 Group
||32 F2A3 Buffalo|
|5 Squadron||Nadi||Royal New Zealand Air Force||4 Singapore
22 F2A3 Buffalo?
|H.M. New Zealand Squadron||Auckland||Cabinet|
New Zealand Squadron
|CL Leander||H.M. New Zealand Squadron|
||Activated 1942-10 (Fiji)
||Never had more than two
brigades (8 and 14 Brigades). Disbanded in spring
New Zealand trained 943 pilots
in 1942 and 836 pilots in 1943. Air strength in the Pacific
reached at least eight squadrons (four fighter, two patrol bomber,
one dive bomber and one
flying boat) by mid-1944.
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2008, 2010 by Kent G. Budge. Index