Bangalore (Bengaluru; 77.593E 12.982N) is the capital of Mysore State in southern India, with a population in 1941 of 406,760 persons.  It was founded in 1537 but captured by the British in 1791. In the winter of 1831-32 a group of deserters from the army of the Raja of Mysore joined with fifty disaffected Indian Army soldiers and other discontented persons in a conspiracy to overthrow the British Raj. The revolution was to be triggered by placing a pig's head under a cross in front of a mosque, then blaming this sacrilege on the British. However, informers revealed the plot and the ringleaders were executed in front of a huge crowd by hanging, firing squad, or being blown from cannon.

Located on the Deccan Plateau at an altitude of 3000 feet (900 meters), the climate of Bangalore is relatively cool and dry, with average temperatures of 69 F in the winter and 80 F in the summer, with precipitation of 35 inches per year.  This made it a desirable site for British Army facilities, which contributed greatly to the development of the area. 

Bangalore was an important cotton center, and at the outbreak of the Pacific War, it was the site of the Hindustani aircraft factory, which was struggling to begin production of Hawk fighters.  Only five would be produced before the factory was converted to an aircraft repair center. The airfield was an important link in the air bridge from east Africa.

A Bangalore torpedo was a explosive charge packed in a metal tube that could be pushed ahead by assembling additional lengths of metal tube to its end. Bangalore torpedoes were used to place explosives for neutralizing barbed wire, minefields, or other obstacles that were dangerous to approach directly. They were invented at Bangalore in 1912 and were still in widespread use at the time of the Pacific War.

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Frank and Shaw (1968; accessed 2012-8-4) (accessed 2014-6-8)

James (1997)

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