The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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The Short brothers (Eustace and Oswald) took their first balloon
flight in 1897, began selling their own balloons in 1902, and by 1908
had incorporated with third brother Horace Short to sell the Wright
Flyer under license. Their 1911 S-39 was the first twin-engine aircraft and the S-184 was the first aircraft to sink a ship. After the First World War the company began to specialize in flying boats such as the Singapore.
Short Brothers manufactured the excellent Sunderland flying boat. They also manufactured the much less successful Stirling, the first four-engine British bomber, which was crippled by bizarre and contradictory RAF design requirements. The Stirling saw no service in the Pacific War.
PilotFriend.com (accessed 2011-6-30)
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