Army Group

The army group was the command echelon below the theater and above the army in the American and British armies. However, because of the relatively small number of divisions deployed to the Far East and Pacific, no army groups were activated in these theaters. Armies were attached directly to the theater instead. An army group in the Chinese Army corresponded to a Western army and was attached to a war area, which could be considered equivalent to a Western army group or theater.

In the Japanese Army, there was no real equivalent of an army group until very late in the war. Area armies (equivalent to Western armies) were attached directly to theater commands or the General Staff. However, in the final months of the war, the Japanese organized general armies for homeland defense that corresponded fairly closely to Western army groups.


Ellis (1995)

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