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Army

Chart symbol for army

The army was the command echelon below the army group and above the corps in the American and British armies. However, the American and British armies in the Pacific tended to be attached directly to theater commands. An army was normally commanded by a lieutenant general. At the start of the war, the noncombat services were mostly split between the army and the corps, but as the war went on, an increasing fraction of the noncombat services in American corps were shifted to the army level to make the corps less an administrative organization and more a maneuver formation.

In the Japanese Army, the army was the equivalent of a Western corps, with a manpower of between 50,0000 and 150,000 men, and it was attached to an area army or a theater command. It was normally commanded by an experienced lieutenant general.

A Chinese army was also equivalent to a Western corps, consisting of three divisions and supporting elements, and was attached to an army group. The Chinese early adopted the Russian practice of deploying selected armies along communications routes, and the designation of these as route armies persisted among the Chinese Communists.

References

Ellis (1995)

"Handbook on Japanese Military Forces" (1944-9-15)



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