graduate

Dawley, Ernest Joseph (1886-1973)


Photograph of Ernest J. Dawley

U.S. Army. Via ibiblio.org

Dawley commanded 40 Division at Camp Roberts when war broke out in the Pacific. He later commanded VI Corps at Salerno, Italy, but was relieved by Mark Clark in September 1943, reverting to his permanent rank of colonel.

...the inevitable confusion of the beachhead, the intermingling of units and the consequent lack of neat dispositions on a situation map, Dawley's failure to impress visiting officers of high rank, his fatigue after several days and nights of strenuous activity and little sleep — these raised doubts in the minds of his superiors.

As in so many other cases where a senior officer was relieved, the relief of Dawley was controversial and some historians have characterized him as a scapegoat for Clark's own failings. Dawley was later restored to general rank and commanded training centers for tank destroyer units through most of the remainder of the war.

His class yearbook describes Dawley as "a quiet lad that one seldom sees or hears of."

Service record

1886-2-17    

Born
1918

Executive officer, Saumur Artillery School, France
1926

Command and General Staff School (graduating 80th in a class of 201)
1939
Colonel     
Commander, 82 Field Artillery Regiment
1940-7
Brigadier general      Commander, Artillery, 7 Division
1941-9     

Commander, 40 Division
1942-4
Major general
Commander, VI Corps
1943-9

Commandant, Tank Destroyer School
1944-3

Commandant, Tank Destroyer Center
1945-3

Commander, Ground Force Reinforcement Command, European Theater of Operations
1947

Retires
1973

Dies


References

Command and General Staff School (accessed 2008-7-13)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-7-12)
Pettibone (2006)

Stanton (2006)



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