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Foochow

Capital of Fukien (Fujian) province, Foochow (Fuzhou; 119.290E 26.056N) was one of the original treaty ports opened to Britain in 1842. It declined in importance due to the sand bars and shallows in the Min River delta on which it is built. However, it was still an important regional port in 1941, with an airfield. It has a rugged hinterland that largely isolated it from the rest of China.

The port was bombarded by Japanese Navy forces starting on 23 May 1938, and the three gunboats defending the port were sunk by aircraft. The port fell shortly thereafter, and remained in Japanese hands until 11 May 1945, when the Japanese abandoned it to the Kuomintang.

References

CMH Pub 72-39 (accessed 2014-2-4)

Hsiung and Levine (1992)

Peattie et al. (2011)

Wen (1971)


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