graduate

Japanese 13mm Type 2 Machine Gun


Photograph of 13mm Type 2 machine gun

National Archives. Via Mikesh (2004)

Specifications:

Ammunition
13 x 64 B AP or HE
Projectile Weight     
1.36 ounces (AP)
38.5 g (AP)
Velocity 2460 feet per second
750 meters per second
Range 2950 feet
900 meters
Rate of fire     
900 rounds per minute
Weapon weight
37 lbs
17 kg
Gun power
45


The Type 2 machine gun was a license-built version of the German MG 131 in its original percussion-ignition form; the Japanese did not feel that the electrical ignition of later versions would be reliable in the tropics. It was the first belt-fed flexible weapon used on Navy aircraft. It had a short recoil rotating collar locked action. The gun used one of the least powerful heavy machine gun cartridges of the war and was not very successful. It nonetheless remained in use throughout the war.

References

Francillon (1979)

Mikesh (2004)

Williams and Gustin (2003)


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional