graduate

Marston, John B. (1884-1957)


Photograph of John B. Marston

U.S. Marine Corps

Marston received a direct commission in 1908 and participated in the Veracruz Expedition of 1914. He was deployed to Haiti rather than France during the First World War and also served in Nicaragua and China.

Marston was in command of the Marine garrison of Iceland when war broke out. He commanded 2 Marine Division from April 1942 to May 1943, but was deliberately left behind when the bulk of his division deployed to Guadalcanal. This was because the senior American leadership had decided that Guadalcanal was to become an Army operation, but Marston would have been senior to Patch. Marson was given command of the Department of the Pacific in August 1942 and held no further operational command during the war.

Service record

1884-8-3

Born in Pennsylvania
1908-6
Second lieutenant

1914

1 Advanced Base Regiment, Veracruz
1915

Haiatian Constabulary
1918

Instructor, Naval Academy
1922

American Legation, Nicaragua
1935
Colonel
American Embassy, Peiping
1937

Commander, Marine Detachmeng, Peiping
1938

Commander, Marine Forces, North China
1941-6-16
Brigadier general     
Commander, 1 Marine Brigade (Provisional), Iceland
1942-4-2     
Major general     
Commander, 2 Marine Division
1942-8

Commander, Department of the Pacific
1944-4

Commander, Camp Lejeune
1946

Retires
1957-11

Dies

References

Donovan (1991; accessed 2012-10-8)

Rottman (2002)

Zimmerman (1949; accessed 2012-10-8)



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