The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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"Nelly" Richardson was born in Charleston, South Carolina, and
graduated from the Military Academy in 1904 as a cavalryman. He was wounded in
the Philippines in
helped implement martial law in San
Francisco following the great earthquake of 1906. He served
Pershing's staff during the
First World War and helped planned the
Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne operations. He repeatedly served as
West Point instructor and in the Philippines, and studied at the French Ecole Superior de Guerre and was
military attaché to Rome. He
graduated from the Army War College in 1934 and commanded the Cavalry
School in 1938-1939.
Richardson was in command of VII Army Corps when war broke out, and promptly redeployed from the American South to San Jose, California. He returned his headquarters to the South in 1943 and assumed command of the Hawaiian Department on 1 June. Two months later he became commanding general of U.S. Army forces in the Central Pacific, and subsequently he became commanding general of all Army forces in the Pacific Ocean Areas. He retired in October 1946 following treatment for illness.
Richardson's career was marked by unusual breadth, but his
colleagues considered him a staff officer at heart.
However, he had Marshall's patronage. He was a quiet gentleman who
would have been little noted by history but for
his involvement in the "War of the Smiths" following the relief of
Ralph Smith by Holland Smith in June
Richardson had consistently opposed Army units coming under the
Navy or the Marines.
quoted him in his memoirs (Tuohy 2006):
You had no right to relieve Ralph Smith. The 27th is one of the best-trained divisions in the Pacific. I trained it myself. I want you to know you can't push the army around the way you've been doing. We've had more experience in handling troops than you have, and yet you dare remove one of my generals. You marines are nothing but a bunch of beach runners anyway. What do you know about land warfare?
with a blast of his own when Richardson came aboard his flagship.
However, in the end, Holland Smith got the worse of the exchange,
shifted to an administrative command.
||Born in South Carolina
||Instructor, West Point
||Staff, American Expeditionary
||Command and General Staff School
||Ecole Superieure de Guerre, France
||Army War College
||Commander, 2 Cavalry Brigade
||Commandant, Cavalry School
||Commandant, Fort Bliss
||Commander, 1 Cavalry Division
||Director, Bureau of Public
Relations, War Department
||Commander, VII Army Corps
||Commander, Army Forces, Central
||Commander, Army Forces, Pacific
||Commander, Army Forces,
||General||Retires due to illness
||Dies in Rome
Dupuy et al. (1992)
Army, Pacific (accessed 2008-6-25)
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