graduate

Smith, Julian Constable (1885-1975)


Photograph of Julian C. Smith

U.S. Marine Corps

Julian Smith was born in Maryland and graduated from the University of Delaware in 1909. He was commissioned in the Marine Corps and participated in the Vera Cruz occupation. He graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1928 and served in Nicaragua, where he injected a new sense of initiative into his command, before being promoted to brigadier general and sent as a naval observer to London in 1938-1941.

"General Julian" was promoted to major general in 1942 and was given command of 2 Marine Division on 1 May 1943. He led the division at the bloody battle of Tarawa. He subsequently became commander of the Pacific department of the Fleet Marine Force and commanding general of Parris Island Marine Base before retiring as a lieutenant general in 1946.

Smith gave those who did not know him well the impression of being a gentle, dreamy man who, when he smiled, exuded warmth from his whole person. This impression was deceiving. Smith was a capable Marine general who could impose iron discipline when the situation called for it, as it did at times in the Tarawa operation. However, his concern for his men was genuine, as was his unassuming manner. He was a superb planner and inspiring leader.

Service record

1885-9-11     

Born
1909-1
Second lieutenant
Graduates from University of Delaware and is appointed a second lieutenant
1912-9
First lieutenant

1913-12

Panama
1914-12

1 Marine Brigade
1915-8

Expeditionary duty, Haiti
1916-12

Advance Base Force, Philadelphia
1917-3
Captain
Attends Navy War College
1917

Instructor, Marine Officers' Training Camp (Quantico)
1919

Cuba
1920-8

Quantico
1921-7

Staff, Commander, Scouting Force
1923

Office of the Chief Coordinator, Burea of the Budget
1928

Graduates from Command and General Staff School
1930-8

Expeditionary duty, Nicaragua
1933
Lieutenant colonel     
Quantico
1938-6
Colonel
Commander, 5 Marine Regiment
1938
Brigadier general     
Naval observer, England
1941-8

Quantico
1942-10
Major general
Commander, Fleet Marine Force Training Schools
1943-5-1     

Commander, 2 Marine Division
1944-4

Commander, Fleet Marine Forces, Pacific
1944-12

Commander, Department of the Pacific
1946-2

Commander, Marine Corps Recruit Depot (Parris Island)
1946-12
Lieutenant general
Retires
1975-11-5     

Dies

References

Alexander (1995)

ArlingtonCemetary.net (accessed 2007-12-5)

Boatner (1996)

Gregg (1984)

Hoffman (2001)


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