The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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61.240N) boasted a rotten port
with a fairly good airfield in
1941. On 7 December 1941, Elmendorf
Field based 28
Group with 12 B-18As and 18 Fighter Squadron with 20 P-36s.
None of these were modern combat aircraft. There were
at least 43
50,000 gallon (190,000 liter) gasoline tanks in the airfield tank farm.
Fort Richardson (149.69W
61.26N) based 75
Coastal Artillery Regiment
(Antiaircraft), a semimobile
One of the problems with the port, then as now, is the
30' (9 m) tides in Cook Inlet. These
extreme tides make the berthing of large
without considerable port development.
Like most of coastal Alaska, Anchorage has a cool climate that evaporates little of its rainfall. The Kuroshio Current (the Pacific equivalent of the Gulf Stream) and the barrier of the Alaska Range protect this portion of coastal Alaska from the Arctic cold to the north.
Temperatures: Jan 19/5, Apr 44/27, Jul 65/49, Oct 43/29, record 92/-36
Rainfall: Jan 7/0.8, Apr 4/0.4, Jul 10/1.6, Oct 12/2.2 == 14.6" per annum
Dunnigan and Nofi (1998)
Pearce and Smith (1990)
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007 by Kent G. Budge. Index
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