Anchorage (149.875W 61.240N) boasted a rotten port with a fairly good airfield in 1941.  On 7 December 1941, Elmendorf Field based 28 Composite Group with 12 B-18As and 18 Fighter Squadron with 20 P-36s. None of these were modern combat aircraft. There were at least 43 50,000 gallon (190,000 liter) gasoline tanks in the airfield tank farm. Fort Richardson (149.69W 61.26N) based 75 Coastal Artillery Regiment (Antiaircraft), a semimobile unit.

One of the problems with the port, then as now, is the 30' (9 m) tides in Cook Inlet. These extreme tides make the berthing of large vessels difficult without considerable port development.

Like most of coastal Alaska, Anchorage has a cool climate that evaporates little of its rainfall.  The Kuroshio Current (the Pacific equivalent of the Gulf Stream) and the barrier of the Alaska Range protect this portion of coastal Alaska from the Arctic cold to the north.

Rail connections



Climate Information:

Elevation 132’

Temperatures: Jan 19/5, Apr 44/27, Jul 65/49, Oct 43/29, record 92/-36

Rainfall: Jan 7/0.8, Apr 4/0.4, Jul 10/1.6, Oct 12/2.2 == 14.6" per annum


Dunnigan and Nofi (1998)

Garfield (1965)

Pearce and Smith (1990)

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