graduate

Bangkok

In 1941, Bangkok (100.529E 13.734N), capital of Thailand, was the only significant metropolis in this otherwise backwards and rural country.  It is located on the shallow Chao Phraya River and is surrounded by marshy terrain.  The city has many canals connected to the river. 

Bangkok has been the national capital of Thailand since 1782 and was built up as a rice and teak export center by King Chulalongkon. By 1937 the population was about 530,000 persons.

Though well upstream of the Gulf of Bangkok, the city had significant port facilities at Klong Toi, south of the city center.  The port handled some 650,000 tons of cargo in 1940, mostly rice but also a significant amount of rubber, and the port had berths for at least two dozen ships.  There was also a modern military airfield at Don Muang.

Bangkok was occupied by the Japanese on 9 December 1941, who pressured the Thais into a nominal alliance.  The city remained under Axis control for the duration of the war, though the city was the target of the first combat mission by B-29s on 5 June 1944. The city later came under air attack by B-24 Liberators and even by P-51 Mustangs, which strafed aircraft at the airfield.

Rail connections

Patsanuloke

Hat Yai

Sisophon


Climate Information:

Elevation: 7'

Temperatures: Jan 89/68, Apr 95/77, Jul 90/76, Oct 88/75, record 106/52

Rainfall: Jan 1/0.3, Apr 3/2.3, Jul 13/6.3, Oct 14/8.1 == 55.0" per


References

Craven and Cate (1950; accessed 2012-6-29)

Morison (1959)

Ouyyanont (1998; accessed 2014-6-8)

Pearce and Smith (1990)

Saunders (1954; accessed 2012-6-29)



Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional