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Brown, Albert Eger (1889-1984)


Photograph of Albert E. Brown

generals.dk. Fair use may apply.

Albert Brown commanded 7 Division during its assault on Attu in May 1943. DeWitt, who had promised Washington that the invasion would be over in three days, did not want Brown to command the invasion force: Brown believed it would take at least a week to overcome the Japanese on the island. When the assault bogged down, Brown radioed for more reinforcements and supplies. His superiors (Kinkaid and Buckner) questioned the request, and Brown's explanation never reached them, due to poor communications. Infuriated by his apparent non-response, Kinkaid relieved Brown of his command.

Brown went on to command 5 Division in Europe and 6 Division postwar. In 1948 he demanded that his case be reviewed, and after a long and acrimonous series of hearings, Brown was formally cleared in 1949.

In retrospect, it was clear that Brown made serious errors during the preparation and execution of the Attu invasion. However, it is also clear that all the other senior officers involved made equally serious errors. Kinkaid later admitted that he would not have relieved Brown had he had better information on conditions on the ground. The lessons learned at Attu would be put to good use later in the Pacific War.

Service record

1889     

Born
1935
Lieutenant colonel
Infantry Board
1938

Commander, 1 Battalion, 29 Regiment
1939

Commander, 1 Battalion, 38 Regiment
1940

Budget and Legislative Planning Board, War Department
1941
Colonel
Chief, Budget and Legislative Planning Board, War Department
1941
Brigadier general     
Assistant commander, 7 Division
1942-10     
Major general     
Commander, 7 Division
1943-4

Commander, Infantry Replacement Training Center, Camp Wheadle
1945-4-20    

Commander, 5 Division, Northwest Europe
1946

Commander, 6 Division
1946

Chair, Joint US-USSR Commission on Korea
1946

Deputy commander, U.S. Army Forces in Korea
1947

Commander, U.S. Army Forces in Korea
1947

Deputy commander, U.S. Army Forces in Korea
1948

Commander, Northern Military District, 6 Army
1949

Retires
1984

Dies

References

Garfield (1965)

Generals.dk (accessed 2012-5-23)

Morison (1951)

Perret (1991)

Pettibone (2006)



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