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DUKW Class, Allied Landing Craft


Photograph of DUKW

National Archives #SC 429012


Specifications:


Tonnage

10 tons fully loaded

Dimensions

31' by 8'2" by 8'10"
9.4m by 2.5m by 2.7m

Maximum speed     

50 mph (80 km/h) on land
6 mph (10 km/h) afloat

Complement
2

Capacity

5,175 lbs
2347 kg

Production
21,000 from 1942-7
Variants
Could be equipped with M36 quad 0.50 antiaircraft machine gun

The DUKW (known to Navy bureaucrats as the LVW or Landing Vehicle, Wheeled), was an amphibious version of the U.S. Army's 2-1/2 ton truck. It retained the wheels and drive train but added propellers and had a boat-like hull form. A DUKW could carry cargo to a beach and beyond, and in some cases they were misused as conventional trucks once landed.

They were less than ideal as landing craft, being too small for efficient loading from cargo craft, inefficient as personnel carriers, and not nearly as seaworthy as an LCVP.

References

Friedman (2002)
Olive-Drab.com (accessed 2009-1-21)
U.S. Army Transportation Museum (accessed 2009-1-21)



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