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LCVP Class, Allied Landing Craft


Photograph of troops in an
                  LCVP

National Archives #26-G-2340

Schematic diagram of LCVP

ONI 226


Specifications:


Tonnage 9 tons light displacement
Dimensions 36'10" by 10'6" by 3'0"
11.23m by 3.20m by 0.91m
Maximum speed       9 knots
Crew
3
Armament
2 0.30 machine guns
Capacity 36 troops or 4 tons cargo or 2 small trucks or 1 light tank
Machinery
1-shaft diesel (225 hp)
Bunkerage
180 gallons
681 liters
Range
105 nautical miles at 11 knots
194 km at 11 knots
Variants
The LCV (Landing Craft, Vehicle) was slightly smaller at 7 tons light displacement and had an operation radius of 69 nautical miles (128 km) at 11 knots. It otherwise closely resembled the LCVP.


Landing Craft, Vehicles and Personnel, or LCVPs, were shallow-draft, boxy-looking boats capable of landing 36 troops or a couple of small vehicles or a tank.  They were not oceangoing and had to be carried to the invasion area by an oceangoing vessel and loaded offshore. Exact specifications varied considerably.

The earliest mass production version was the LCV, which introduced a bow ramp that eliminated the need to disembark over the sides that characterized earlier landing craft, such as the LCPL. However, the LCV had a prominent raised control station for the pilot that left him highly exposed to enemy fire. The LCVP, which replaced the LCV starting in November 1942, closely resembled the LCV but had a superior arrangement that left the crew much less exposed.

Total Production

The following table gives total production.  About 36% of this was allocated to the Pacific until the final year of the war, when most of the amphibious fleet began to be shifted to the Pacific.

Year
LCV
LCVP
1940-1941     
110
0
1942-1 to 1942-6     
446
0
1942-7
173
0
1942-8
382
0

1942-9     

255

0

1942-10     

166

0

1942-11

254

75
1942-12
215
140
1943-1
180
205
1943-2
73
319
1943-3
6
655
1943-4
1
405
1943-5
14
416
1943-6
29
567
1943-7
35
1073
1943-8
24
812
1943-9
2
943
1943-10
1
836
1943-11
0
921
1943-12
0
875
1944-1
0
833
1944-2
0
932
1944-3
0
811
1944-4
0
744
1944-5
0
792
1944-6
0
792
1944-7
0
760
1944-8
0
712
1944-9
0
709
1944-10
0
696
1944-11
0
753
1944-12
0
756
1945-1
0
808
1945-2
0
837
1945-3
0
913
1945-4
0
816
1945-5
0
910
1945-6
0
676
1945-7
0
559
1945-8
0
307

Photo Gallery


ONI 226 photos for LCVP

ONI 226


References

Dunnigan and Nofi (1998)
Friedman (2002)
Leighton and Coakley (1955)


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