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LCPL Class, Allied Landing Craft


Photograph of LCPL on landing maneuvers

U.S. Navy. Via USSRankin.org

Schematic diagram of LCPL

ONI 226


Specifications:


Tonnage 6.75 tons light displacement
Dimensions 36' by 10'9" by 3'6"
10.97m by 3.28m by 1.07m
Maximum speed     
10 knots
Complement
3
Armament
2 0.30 machine guns
Protection
3 transverse 0.25" (63mm) bulkheads
Machinery
1-shaft Gray diesel (225 hp) or gasoline (225-250 hp)
Bunkerage
120 gallons
Range
50 miles or 80 km (gasoline)
130 miles or 210 km (diesel)
Capacity 8,100 lbs (3700 kg) cargo or 36 troops
Production
2193

Landing Craft, Personnel, Large was actually a rather small craft, with a very shallow draft, skeg protection for its propeller and rudder, and a strong bow section (a solid pine block) that could be run up over fairly substantial obstacles. One of the earliest Allied landing craft designs, it was based on the Eureka boat designed by Andrew Higgins in 1926. Higgins claimed the Eureka had been designed for loggers and fur trappers in the Louisiana bayous; British historians claimed it was designed for bootleggers (illicit alcohol smugglers) and moonshiners (illicit alcohol distillers) during the era of Prohibition. The Marines were interested but had no money for procurement until 1940, when the Navy concluded that ships' boats were inadequate for landing operations and early Bureau of Ships landing craft designs proved unsuccessful.

The LCVP had already been produced in considerable numbers for British service when war broke out in the Pacific. Because of its simple design and use of lumber rather than steel, it continued in production even after the superior LCVP was introduced.

Total Production

The following table gives total production.  About 30% of this was allocated to the Pacific until the final year of the war, when most of the amphibious fleet began to be shifted to the Pacific.

1940-1941     
564
1942-1 to 1942-6     
553
1942-7
307
1942-8
218

1942-9     

222

1942-10     

228

1942-11

212

1942-12
130
1943-1
37
1943-2
44
1943-3
18
1943-4
57
1943-5
0
1943-6
0
1943-7
0
1943-8
0
1943-9
0
1943-10
50
1943-11
50
1943-12
50
1944-1
50
1944-2
50
1944-3
50
1944-4
50
1944-5
50
1944-6
50
1944-7
100
1944-8
150
1944-9
150
1944-10
217
1944-11
172
1944-12
163
1945-1
150
1945-2
125
1945-3
125
1945-4
105
1945-5
125
1945-6
90
1945-7
80
1945-8
32


References

Friedman (2002)

Hyperwar: Landing Craft Personnel (Large) (accessed 2007-12-29)

Leighton and Coakley (1955)

ONI 222 (1945-9-1)
USS Rankin (accessed 2009-7-30)


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