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Hainan

Relief map of Hainan

Hainan is an island in the Gulf of Tonkin in the northwest end of the South China Sea. It has a tropical climate and rugged, jungle-clad terrain, and Chinese emperors had longed used the island as a penal colony. There are important mineral deposits, including the Chengmai iron field (producing approximately 1.9 million tons per year in 1941.)

The Japanese seized Hainan from China on 10 February 1939 and built up air and naval bases. Many of the forces that participated in the early Japanese offensives in Southeast Asia, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, staged through Sanya on the south coast of the island. The Chinese Communists organized a guerrilla movement in Hainan to harrass the Japanese and, after the Japanese surrender, the Kuomintang.

References

Mercado (2002)

Prange (1981)

Van Royden and Bowles (1952)



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