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Harbin

Harbin (126.618E 45.743N) was the capital and rail center of Heilungkiang Province in Manchuria. It first became important in 1897, when the Russians built a railroad to the area. It was something of a frontier boom town in 1941, with a population of about 662,000 persons.

Military facilities included an airfield and a satellite field at Sunjia (126.69E 45.70N).

The Sungari River is frozen five months of the year, but during the summer Harbin is a significant river port, with steamers able to navigate to the Amur River.

The city was a major objective of the Russian offensive in Manchuria and was reached on 20 August 1945.

Mansyu Hikoki Seizo K.K.  This small aircraft plant was located in Harbin and produced aircraft as follows:

Aircraft Type Average Airframes Per Month Starting Month Ending Month
Ki-27 Nate
23 <1941-12 1942-12
Ki-84 Frank 12
1945-1 1945-8

Rail connections

Changchun

Kirin

Hailin

Sui-hua

Tsitsihar

River connections (Amur)

Chiamussu

References

Hastings (2007)

Hata et al. (2002)

Populstat.info (accessed 2014-6-8)



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