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"Hunt" II Class, British Escort Destroyers


Photograph of Hunt Type II escort destroyer

Imperial War Museum. Via Wikipedia Commons


Specifications:


Tonnage 1050 tons standard displacement
1412 tons fully loaded
Dimensions 280' by 31'6" 17'2"
85.34m by 9.60m by 5.23m
Maximum speed       27 knots
Complement 164
Armament 3x2 4"/45 DP gun (250 rounds per gun)
1x4 2pdr AA gun
4x1 20mm Oerlikon AA guns
2 depth charge tracks (110 depth charges)
2 depth charge throwers
Machinery
2-shaft Parsons geared turbine (19,000 shp)
2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers
Bunkerage 277 tons fuel oil
Sensors
Type 127 sonar
Type 286 radar
Range 2560 nautical miles (4740 km) at 20 knots


The "Hunts" were conceived as small, inexpensive, mass produced destroyers to serve as convoy escorts and in all other destroyer functions except fleet duty. It was clear when war broke out that destroyers were going to be needed in vast numbers but that conventional large destroyers could not be produced quickly enough to meet the need. The ships of the class were named after English hunting clubs, which gave the class its name.

The program nearly came to disaster when the first unit was found to be dangerously unstable due to a miscalculation of the metacentric height by the designers. As a result, the first group ("Hunt" Type II) had to be completed with reduced armament. None of these units saw service in the war against Japan. Design changes restored stability, and the "Hunt" Type II were completed with the full original design armament. A few of these units arrived in the Far East in time to participate in occupation operations, and they would doubtless have participated in the invasion of Japan had that taken place.

Units in the Pacific:

Blackmore     
Arrived 1945-4

Farndale     
Arrived 1945-6

Calpe
Arrived 1945-6

Bicester
Arrived 1945-7

Coudray     
Arrived 1945-8    


References

Friedman (2006)

Gogin (2010; accessed 2012-12-25)



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