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Inoue Sadae (1886-1961)


Photograph of Inoue Sadae
Wikipedia Commons

A fifth-generation warrior, Inoue commanded 14 Division in April 1944, when it was transferred from Manchuria to Palau. His surviving forces were isolated after the Americans seized Peleliu in September 1944, annihilating one of his regiments. Inoue rejected a traditional defense, advocating a stubborn defense in depth (Garand and Strowbridge 1971):

It is easy to die but difficult to live on. We must select the difficult course, and continue to fight because of the influence on the morale of the Japanese people. Saipan was lost in a very short time because of vain Banzai attacks, with the result that the people at home suffered a drop in morale.

During the defense of Peleliu, Inoue ordered the execution of three U.S. prisoners of war.  Following the surrender, Inoue was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death. His sentence was subsequently commuted to life imprisonment.

Postwar interviews by American historians left them deeply impressed with Inoue's memory for detail. Much of what is known of the Japanese side of the battle came from these interviews.

Service record

1886     
  born
1936
Colonel     
Commander, 5 Regiment
1939
Major general     
Commander, Infantry Group, 33 Division
1941

Headquarters, 10 Area Army
1941

Chief, Administration Section, 10 Area Army
1942
Lieutenant general     
Commander, 69 Division
1943-10     

Commander, 14 Division, Manchuria and Palau Islands
1946

Retires
1949

Condemned to death for war crimes
1951

Sentence commuted to life imprisonment
1961

Dies
 

References

Fuller (1992)

Garand and Strowbridge (1971; accessed 2011-7-30)

Gayle (1996; accessed 2007-7-30)

generals.dk (accesed 2007-11-2)

Hough (1950; accessed 2011-7-30)

Pettibone (2007)
Welch (2002; accessed 2009-2-3)



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