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Salween River


Digital relief map of Salween River


The Salween is the second river of Burma, lying close to (and in one section defining) its eastern border with Thailand.  It arises in the Himalaya foothills and runs some 1500 miles to the port of Moulmein. It runs through a deep gorge through most of its upper reaches.  The river is strongly seasonal, being wide and swift during the monsoon (June to September). It had no bridges anywhere along its length in 1941, and its many rapids made it navigable only over short stretches.

Following the Japanese conquest of Burma, 56 Division was stationed along the upper Salween. The division heavily fortified the near bank of the river as a shield against any incursion of Chinese troops from Yunnan during the U-Go offensive.

References

Allen (1984)

Romanus and Sunderland (1953)


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