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Sawada Shigeru (1887-1980)


Photograph of Sawada Shigeru on trial

U.S. Army. Via USMilitariaForum.com

Sawada commanded 13 Army in central China when war broke out. His army fought in the Chekiang-Kiangsi campaign of May-September 1942. This campaign was largely a vengeance operation against those areas through which the Doolittle raiders had passed on their way to Chungking and safety, and has been estimated as costing the lives of a quarter million Chinese civilians.

Sawada was sentenced to five years' imprisonment at Shanghai on 15 April 1946 for failing to extend prisoner of war status to the eight captured Doolittle raiders. The relatively lenient sentence took into account Sawada's protest to Hata that the death sentences given three of the prisoners were too severe.

Service record

1887     

Born
1926
Colonel     
Instructor, War College
1928

Head, Halpin Special Agency
1931

Commander, 24 Field Artillery Regiment
1933

Instructor, War College
1934

Chief of staff, Imperial Guards Division
1935
Major general     
Commander, 1 Field Artillery Brigade
1935

Military attache, Poland
1938

General Staff
1938
Lieutenant general     
Commander, 4 Division
1939-10-2     

Vice chief of the General Staff
1940-12-2

Commander, 13 Army
1942-10-8

Retires
1943

Consultant to Military Research Committee
1943

Recalled to active duty as member of Military Research Committee
1945

Arrested as war criminal
1946

Sentenced to 5 years' imprisonment
1950

Released
1980

Dies

References

Fuller (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-4-3)

Pettibone (2007)

"Trial of Lieutenant-General Shigeru Sawada And Three Others" (1948; accessed 2012-6-23)



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