The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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The Tokkeitai were the military police of the Japanese Navy, corresponding to the Kempeitai in the Army. In occupied territories that were placed under Navy jurisdiction, the Tokkeitai had police jurisdiction, which they exercised ruthlessly. The Tokkeitai likewise had jurisdiction over Navy prisoners. Though not as well known as the Kempeitai, they acquired a reputation among those Allied internees, prisoners of war, and subject peoples with whom they dealt that was fully as vile.
The Tokkeitai was a
relatively young service, established in 18 July 1942 by the Navy
Ministry. It is likely that part of the motivation for its
establishment was to protect Navy personnel from the excesses of the Kempeitai.
The Tokkeitai were
responsible for recruiting "comfort
for official brothels set up in areas under Navy jurisdiction. Many,
most, of these women were recruited against their will. The Tokkeitai also are alleged to have
massacred hundreds of persons suspected of involvement in Communist
plots in Borneo, while the Tokkeitai at Kendari killed a number of prisoners
of war, including all the surviving crew of destroyer Edsall,
sunk south of Java in March 1942.
ReferencesJapan Times (2007-4-18; accessed 2009-10-27)
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