graduate

Watanabe Masao (1888-1950)

Watanabe was organizing 56 Division when war broke out in the Pacific. He commanded 32 Army under 10 Area Army at Okinawa from its activation in March 1944. He was replaced by Ushijima in August 194, ostensibly because of ill health, but possibly because he was too realistic about the likelihood and probable outcome of an American invasion of the island (quoted in Feifer 1992):

Death for you, death for me, death for all of us. Have you seen the tanks and antiaircraft guns we've got on this rock pile? Just so much junk.

Service record

1888     

Born
1928
Colonel     
Instructor, Army Field Artillery School
1933

Commander, 10 Field Artillery Regiment
1936

Chief of staff, 14 Division
1937

Chief of staff, Central District Army
1938

Head, General Affairs Bureau, Army Armaments Factory
1939

Head, Main Army Armaments Factory
1940

Army Aeronautical Research Institute
1940
Lieutenant general     
Commander, 56 Division
1942

Commandant, Army School of Science
1944-4-1      

Commander, 32 Army, Ryukyu Islands
1944-8-8

General Staff
1944

Retires
1945

Recalled to active duty. Commander, Osaka Divisional District
1950

Dies


References

Fuller (1992)

Feifer (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-4-8)

Huber (1990; accessed 2011-7-29)

Nichols and Shaw (1955; accessed 2011-7-29)

Pettibone (2007)



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