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Akita

(140.096E 39.699N) Oil was first struck in Akita in 1935, at the Omonogawa and Yabase fields. The Akita oil fields were the most productive in Japan, producing 73% of Japan’s total annual production of 1.6 million barrels. However, Japanese petroleum production fell far short of its annual requirements or even of its domestic refining capacity of 33 million barrels a year. The Nippon Oil Company refinery (140.074E 39.758N) was the target of the last air raid of the war, on the night of 14/15 August 1945.

The city was one of the regimental districts for 8 Division. It was also the location of a prisoner of war camp at which 418 Chinese prisoners of war died of starvation, torture, or neglect.

Mount Chokai dominates the southern skyline of Akita.

Akita is located on the east shores of the Sea of Japan, which somewhat moderates the extremes of climate from nearby Siberia.

Rail connections

Hirosaki

Niigata

Yamagata


Climate Information:

Elevation: 33’

Temperatures: Jan 35/23, Apr 55/39, Jul 79/65, Oct 64/47, record 96/-12

Rainfall: Jan 22/5.6, Apr 12/4.3, Jul 12/7.8, Oct 15/7.4 == 72.9" per annum.


References

Handbook of Japanese Military Forces (1945; accessed 2010-9-26)

IMFTE Judgement (accessed 2010-9-26)

Pearce and Smith (1990)

Tillman (2010)

Van Royden and Bowles (1952)


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