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Niigata

The port of Niigata (139.048E 37.895N), completed in 1868 to conduct foreign trade, is Japan's largest on the Sea of Japan. It is located on the delta of the Shinano River. Niigata was also the location of smaller of Japan's two indigenous oil fields (the larger being at Akita) and accounted for 27% of domestic production, about 450,000 barrels a year, in 1941. There was also an airfield and a military base here, and the city was the headquarters for a regimental district of 2 Division. The shipyard produced small warships such as submarine chasers.

Because the city was not subject to heavy conventional strategic bombing, it was on the short list of targets for nuclear attack. However, Niigata was more distant than other targets on the list, and the war ended before any such attack took place.

Shipyards


Yard
Floor Space
Building Way Length
Merchant Tonnage
Naval Tonnage
Niigata
650
678
0
155

Rail connections

Akita

Sanjo

References

Cohen (1949)

Craven and Cate (1952; accessed 2014-2-19)

Handbook on Japanese Military Forces (1944-9-15; accessed 2014-2-19)

"Know Your Enemy" (1945; accessed 2014-2-19)

Parillo (1993)

Van Royen and Bowles (1952)



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