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Baba Masao (1892-1947)


Photograph of Baba Masao

Australian War Memorial #042998

Cropped by author

Baba Masao commanded 53 Division at the outbreak of war in the Pacific.  He was transferred to command of 4 Division in Sumatra in 1943 and promoted to command of 37 Army in Borneo in 1945, where he was heavily involved in anti-guerrilla operations in the interior.  He was hanged as a war criminal in 1947 for mistreatment of prisoners of war in north Borneo (the "Sandakan death marches.")

Although the two have sometimes been confounded, Baba Masao was likely not the officer who took command of the Kempeitai in Manila in January 1943. The latter was most likely Baba Kamekaku.

Service record

1892     

Born
1933

Inspectorate of Cavalry
1935
Colonel     
Commander, 2 Cavalry Regiment
1938
Major general      
Commander, 3 Cavalry Brigade
1939

Inspectorate of Cavalry
1940

Commander, Cavalry Group
1941
Lieutenant general     
Commander, 53 Division
1943-3

Commander, 4 Division
1944-12-26     

Commander, 37 Army
1947

Hanged as war criminal

References

Fuller (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-1-5)

Pettibone (2007)

"Noteworthy War Criminals" (accessed 2007-4-28)



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