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Hopei


Digital relief map of Hopei province, China

Hopei (Hebei) is a province of northern China. The province takes in much of the north China plain but is mountainous to the north and west. The climate is characterized by cold, dry winters and hot, humid summers suitable for cultivation of wheat rather than rice. The major cities were Peiping, now known as Beijing, the traditional capital of China; Tientsin; and Shihchiachuang.

Resources included coal fields in the Kaiping area northeast of Tientsin.

The province was quickly overrun at the start of the China Incident in 1937, with Peiping and Tientsin falling in August and Shihchiachuang in October. The province remained in Japanese hands throughout the Pacific War.



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