The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
|Previous: Ki-34 "Thora", Japanese Transport Aircraft||Table of Contents||Next: Ki-43 "Oscar", Japanese Fighter|
U.S. Air Force. Via Francillon (1979)
Tachikawa Ki-36 "Ida"
|Dimensions||38'9" by 26'3" by 11'11"
11.8m by 8m by 3.64m
20 square meters
|Maximum speed||216 mph at 5905 feet
348 km/h at 1800 meters
|Cruising speed||147 mph
|Climb rate||25 feet per second
7.6 meters per second
|Service ceiling||26,740 feet
|Power plant||One 450 hp (336 kW) Hitachi Ha-13a 9-cylinder radial engine driving a two-blade wooden propeller.|
|Armament||One 7.7mm Type 89 Model 2 machine gun (cowling)
One 7.7mm Type 89 Special machine gun (rear cockpit)
|External stores||10 33lb (15 kg) bombs for conventional attack, or one 1102 lb (500 kg) bomb for suicide sorties|
|Production||A total of 1332 production Ki-36:
Tachikawa Hikoki K.K.: 860 Ki-36 from November 1938 to January 1944
||The Ki-55 was a trainer version.
The Tachikawa Ki-36 was an Army cooperation aircraft, intended primarily for battlefield observation but with some ground-attack capability. It was designed to operate from small airstrips and to be capable of maneuvering at low speeds and altitudes.
The design went back to May 1937, when the Army
issued a specification for a fast monoplane reconnaissance aircraft
with a good rough field capability. The design team, under Endo
Ryokichi, achieved the required low-speed maneuverability by combining
a light airframe with large wings. The wings were swept well back to
give the pilot good visibility, while windows under the wing center
sections gave the observer a good field of view. Its control
unusually large, which made it very light on the controls. The prototype first
flew on 20 April 1938 and the design went into production in November
Its characteristics made the aircraft
and it could only be effectively utilized in controlled airspace, which
that it saw most of its action in China.
A small number were given to Thailand.
Its characteristics were suitable for a trainer and the Ki-55 was a modified version produced for this purpose.
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007, 2009-2010 by Kent G. Budge. Index
Comment on this article