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Lancaster, British Heavy Bomber


Photograph of Lancaster in flight

Imperial War Museum #TR 197. Via Wikimedia Commons

Cropped by author


Avro Lancaster B.VII


Crew Seven
Dimensions 102'0" by 68'10" by 20'4"
31.09m by 20.98m by 6.20m
Weight 41,000-72,000 lbs
18,600-33,000 lbs
Speed 287 mph at 11,500 feet
462 km/h at 460 meters
Cruising speed       215 mph
346 km/h
Climb rate 4.5 feet per second
3.0 meters per second
Ceiling 24,500 feet
7470 meters
Power plant Four Merlin 24 V12 engines rated at 1620 hp
Armament Eight .303 machine guns in nose, tail, and dorsal turrets
Bomb load 14,000 lbs
6350 kg
Range Normal 1040 miles (1670km) with 10,000 lb (4500kg) bomb load
Maximum 2678 miles (4310 km)
Production A total of 7377 Lancasters were built.  Of these, 180 were the B.VII model intended for use in the Far East.


The Lancaster first came into service in 1941 and was built by numerous manufacturers in Britain and Canada. It was one of the two main British strategic bombers of the Second World War and proved suitable for special missions and capable of carrying the most sophisticated avionics developed in its day.

The Lancaster saw little operational use outside of Europe. However, manufacture of the aircraft began in Australia in 1944 for use in the Far East, and a considerable force of Lancasters would have supported DOWNFALL if the Japanese had not capitulated.

References

Wilson (1998)



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