The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Lung Yun (Long Yun) was the corrupt and independent-minded governor
of Yunnan, who had come to power in 1927 and was the last of the great
warlords. He had a reputation for ruthlessness
but offered minimal resistance to the Chinese Communists during
the Long March. Chiang Kai-shek
was reluctant to allow Y Force to advance into Burma from Yunnan in part because its
presence was a check on Lung's independence.
Lung aided the escape of Wang Ching-wei to Hanoi. Wang later became the head of
the Nanking collaborationist
government. Chiang never forgave Lung for this. British sources (e.g. Allen 1984) claim Lung was in regular contact with Okamura Yasutsuga, commander of China Expeditionary Army. Kunming, Yun's power base, was the
location of Southwest Associated University, which provided much of the
intellectual leadership of the Democratic League. The Democratic League
was active in anti-Chiang activities.
Lung refused to transfer the sales tax to Chungking and diverted a
significant amount of American
aid coming through the Himalayas airlift to his
own use. He also set up several banks in opposition to the central
government banking system, which printed their own currency, and
established a trading company to control the local economy.
Late in the war, Tu Yu-ming
staged a coup on
Chiang's instructions to remove Lung from power.
||Commander, 13 Route Army
||Chairman, Yunnan Province
||Commander, 1 Army Group
Hsiung and Levine (1992)
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