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Historical Center #NH 70035
Murray was an early pioneer of naval aviation, being the 22nd Navy officer to certify as an aviator. He commanded Enterprise at Midway and Task Force 17 (Hornet) at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. He also served on the Board of Inquiry after Halsey sailed 3 Fleet into a typhoon in late 1944.
Murray very nearly lost Hornet
off Guadalcanal on 7 September
1942, when it was spared two torpedo
hits only because a patrolling aircraft dropped a depth charge in the paths of the
torpedoes. When he reported the incident to Ghormley, Ghormley was
astounded to discover that Murray had violated a direct order to remain
east of longitude 166 East. Murray continued to risk his force in submarine-infested waters, for
which he drew criticism during the investigation of the torpedoing of Wasp.
This likely contributed to the decision to send him to a training command in 1943. He never
again held a combat command.
||Born at Boston,
||Flight training, Pensacola,
||Commander, VT-20, Philippines
||Director, Flight Division,
Bureau of Aeronautics
||Commander, Carrier Division 3|
||Chief, Naval Air Intermediate Training Command, Pensacola|
||Commander, 1 Fleet
||Dies at San Francisco
EarlyAviators.com (accessed 2008-2-21)
Naval Historical Center (accessed 2008-2-21)
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