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Murray, George Dominic (1889-1956)


Photograph of George D. Murray

Naval Historical Center #NH 70035

Murray was an early pioneer of naval aviation, being the 22nd Navy officer to certify as an aviator. He commanded Enterprise at Midway and Task Force 17 (Hornet) at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. He also served on the Board of Inquiry after Halsey sailed 3 Fleet into a typhoon in late 1944.

Murray very nearly lost Hornet off Guadalcanal on 7 September 1942, when it was spared two torpedo hits only because a patrolling aircraft dropped a depth charge in the paths of the torpedoes. When he reported the incident to Ghormley, Ghormley was astounded to discover that Murray had violated a direct order to remain east of longitude 166 East. Murray continued to risk his force in submarine-infested waters, for which he drew criticism during the investigation of the torpedoing of Wasp. This likely contributed to the decision to send him to a training command in 1943. He never again held a combat command.

Service record

1889-7-6

Born at Boston,  Massachusetts
1914

Flight training, Pensacola, Florida
1924
Lieutenant commander     
Commander, VT-20, Philippines
1939-10
Commander
Director, Flight Division, Bureau of Aeronautics
1941-3-21      
Captain     
Commander, Enterprise
1942-6-30
Rear admiral     
Commander, Carrier Division 3
1943

Chief, Naval Air Intermediate Training Command, Pensacola
1944-8-17     

Commander, Air Forces, Pacific Fleet
1945-7-20
Vice admiral
Commander, 14 Naval District
1947-8-14

Commander, 1 Fleet
1951
Admiral
Retires
1946-6-18     

Dies at San Francisco

References

EarlyAviators.com (accessed 2008-2-21)

Morison (1949)

Naval Historical Center (accessed 2008-2-21)

Lundstrom (2006)
Pettibone (2006)
Tuohy (2007)



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