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P-43 Lancer, U.S. Fighter


Photograph of P-43 Lancer

National Museum of the USAF


Republic P-43A-1 Lancer


Specifications:


Crew 1
Dimensions 36’ by 28’6” by 14’
10.97m by 8.69m by 4.27
Wing area 223 square feet
20.7 square meters
Weight 5996-8480 lbs
2720-3850 kg
Maximum speed       356 mph at 20,000 feet
573 km/h at 6100 meters
Cruise speed 280 mph
451 km/h
Landing speed 78 mph
126 km/h
Climb rate 42 feet per second
12.8  meters per second
Service ceiling 36,000 feet
11,000 meters
Power plant 1 1200 hp (895 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-57 Twin Wasp 14-cylinder two-row radial engine driving a three-bladed propeller
Armament 2 0.50 fixed nose machine guns
2 0.50 fixed wing machine guns
External stores 1 200lb (91kg) bomb, 6 20 lb (9kg) bombs, or a drop tank
Range 650 miles (1046 km) with a 200 lb (91 kg) bomb
1460 miles (2333 km) with drop tank
Fuel 218 gallons
825 liters
Production 54 P-43, 80 P-43A, and 125 P-43A-1 from 5/41 at Republic Aviation Corporation, Farmingdale, NY
Variants

The P-43 used an R-1830-35 engine, was armed with 0.30 machine guns in the wings, and had no provisions for bombs.

The P-43A used a R-1830-49 engine.

The P-43B through P-43E were photoreconnaissance conversions.


The P-43 was a development of the P-35 and the ancestor of the P-47 Thunderbolt. It never saw combat, since it was judged to have inadequate performance, and production was halted in favor of the P-47, The few production P-43 were relegated to air defense along the West Coast. Some 51 were delivered to China, were they suffered from problems with the self-sealing fuel tanks and turbochargers.

About 150 were converted to P-43B photoreconnaissance planes in 1942.

Roughly a quarter of P-43 pilots were assigned to the West Coast.


References

Gunston (1986)

National Museum of the USAF (accessed 2009-10-12)

Wilson (1998)



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