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Sung Hsi-lien (1906-1993)


Photograph of Sung Hsi-lien

Generals.dk. Fair use may apply.

Sung Hsi-lien (Song Xilian) was the son of a Chinese civil servant and became a follower of Sun Yat-sen while attending middle school in the 1920s. He was the youngest student in the first class of the Whampoa Military Academy and participated in the Northern Expedition, where he was wounded. Though jailed briefly for anti-Japanese activities, he received advanced military training in Japan and graduated from the Infantry School and Staff College.

Sung helped put down the Fukien Revolt in 1933 and commanded a division at the Battle of Shanghai in 1938. He was briefly dismissed from command for failure to hold the Japanese,but subsequently became the youngest army group commander in China. He commanded 11 Army Group when war broke out in the Pacific. His army group played an important part in the campaign to reopen the Burma Road, but its performance was lackadaisical enough for Sung to be removed from command and given a training assignment. 

During the Chinese Civil War, Sung was defeated by Liu Po-cheng and driven into Sikang, where Sung was captured. He remained imprisoned until 1959.

Service record

1907     

Born in Hunan
1930

Graduates from Japanese Staff College
1930
Colonel Commander, 6 Regiment, 1 Division
1931
     
Commander, 2 Brigade, 1 Division
1932

Commander, 261 Brigade, 87 Division
1933
Major general     
Deputy commander, 87 Division
1933

Commander, 36 Division
1936

Commander, Sian Garrison
1937

Commander, 78 Army
1938

Commander, 71 Army
1939

Deputy commander, 34 Army Group
1941
Lieutenant general      Commander, 11 Army Group
1944

Director, 9 Branch School, Central Military Academy
1946

Chief of staff, Northwestern Field Headquarters
1946

Commander, Sinkiang Garrison General Headquarters
1948

Depouty commander, Central China Bandit Suppression Headquarters
1948

Commander, 14 Army Corps
1949

Commander, Hunan-Hupei Border Area Pacification Headquarters
1949

Deputy commissioner, Central China Military Administration
1949

Head, 14 Recruitment and Training Center
1949

Commander, Szechuan-Hunan-Hupei Border Area Pacification Headquarters
1949

Captured by Chinese Communists
1959

Released
1993

Dies


References

Boorman et al. (1970; accessed 2011-10-21)

Generals.dk (accesssed 2011-10-21)

Hsu and Chang (1971)



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