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Tanaka Shizuichi (1887-1945)


Photograph of Tanaka Shizuichi
Wikipedia Commons

Tanaka Shizuichi (Tanaka Seiichi in some older sources) was born in Hyogo prefecture and commissioned in the infantry in 1907. He graduated from the Japanese Army Staff College in 1916. He studied Shakespeare at Oxford University in England for three years and was military attaché to Mexico and the United States before serving in several military police commands.

Tanaka was commander of Eastern District Army at the beginning of the Pacific War. He was given command of 14 Army in August 1942 but was recalled to Tokyo for staff assignments in May 1943. Promoted to full general in September 1943, he was given command of 12 Area Army (Eastern District Army) in March 1945.

On the night of 24-25 May 1945, fires were ignited near the Imperial Palace. Tanaka organized fire fighting efforts, then offered to resign in atonement for the bombing, but his resignation was refused. Anami ordered him to tighten security and ensure public order prior to the public surrender announcement, 14 August 1945. He took command of 1 Imperial Guards Division when its commander was shot by young officers attempting a coup d'état to prevent the surrender, and successfully quashed the rebellion. He subsequently committed suicide, shooting himself through the heart on 24 August 1945.

Service record

1887     
  born in Hyogo prefecture
1907
Second lieutenant     

1915

Army Staff College
1930
Colonel
Commander, 2 Regiment
1932

Military attache, United States
1934

General Staff
1934

Chief of staff, 4 Division
1935-8
Major general
Commander, 5 Brigade
1936-8

Head, General Affairs Bureau, Kempeitai
1937

Head, Kempeitai, Kanto Area
1938

Provost Marshal
1939-8-1
Lieutenant general
Commander, 13 Division, China
1940-9

Provost Marshal
1941-10-15     

Commander, Eastern District Army
1941-12-24

Army General Staff
1942-8-1     

Commander, 14 Army
1943-5-19

Army General Staff
1943-9
General

1944

Hospitalized
1944-6

Supreme War Council and Comandant, War College
1945-3-9

Commander, 12 Area Army
1945-8-24     

Commits suicide


References

Craig (1967)

Dupuy et al. (1992)

Frank (1999)
Fuller (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-7-5)

Hayashi and Cox (1959)
Pettibone (2007)



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