The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Vladivostok (131.886E 43.109N) was the most important Russian port in the Far East. It had ample facilities, rail connections to European Russia, and several airfields. Located on Golden Horn Bay off the Sea of Japan, it continued to receive Soviet-flag merchant traffic until the last few days of the war, which the Japanese permitted to pass through La Perouse Strait between Karafuto and Hokkaido. These ships carried substantial Lend-Lease from the United States.
Vladivostok was not ice free at the time of the Pacific War, but the Soviets kept the harbor open through much of the winter months using icebreakers.
The city was occupied by Japanese troops in
December 1917 and again in April 1918 as part of the Siberian Intervention. They were not
withdrawn until 1922.
Temperatures: Jan 13/0, Apr 46/34, Jul 71/60, Oct 55/41, record 92/-22
Rainfall: Jan 2/0.3, Apr 5/1.2, Jul 10/3.3, Oct 5/1.9 == 23.6" per annum
Evans and Peattie (1997)
Pearce and Smith (1990)
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