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Adelaide, Australian Light Cruiser


Photograph of HMAS Adelaide

Australiam War Memorial. Via Wikimedia Commons


Specifications:


Displacement

5550 tons standard

Dimensions

462'8" by 49'10" by 15'10"
141.1m by 15.2m by 4.9m

Maximum speed     

24.3 knots

Complement

470

Armament

8x1 6"/45 guns
3x1 4"/45 dual-purpose guns

Protection

3" (76mm) main belt
2" (51mm) ship end belt
0.75"(19mm) armor deck over machinery
1.5" (38mm) armor deck over steering
0.4" (10mm) armor deck over magazines and ship  ends
4" (102mm) gun shields
4" (102mm) conning tower
Machinery
2-shaft geared turbine (23,500 shp)
10 Yarrow boilers

Bunkerage

1412 tons fuel oil

Range

5800 nautical miles (9300 km) at 15 knots
Modifications 1942-7: Added 6 20mm Oerlikon AA guns and Type 271 radar

1943-9: Removed one 6"/45 and one 4"/45. Added four depth charge throwers and Type 285 and SC radars.


The Adelaide was completed at Cockatoo Dockyard in Sydney in 1922, becoming the first cruiser-sized warship build in Australia, albeit to the 1912 Birmingham-class design. Originally designed to burn coal, she remained slow for a cruiser even after being converted to an oil burner. She was extensively refitted in 1939, but remained too obsolete for any purpose but convoy escort.

Adelaide was at Port Moresby when war broke out. She survived the war.

References

Gogin (2010; accessed 2013-2-18)

Whitley (1995)

Worth (2001)



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