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Argonaut, U.S. Submarine


Photograph of Argonaut

Naval Historical Center #NH 61687


Specifications:


Tonnage

2710 tons standard displacement
4164 tons submerged

Dimensions

381' by 33'10" by 15'4"
116.13m by 10.31m by 4.67m

Maximum speed      

15 knots surfaced
7.4 knots submerged
Dive
to 300' (90m)

Complement

105

Armament

4 21" bow torpedo tubes (12 torpedoes)
2 6"/53 guns
2 machine guns
2 40" (102cm) stern minelaying tubes (60 Mark XI mines)
Machinery
2-shaft diesel (2800 bhp) or electric (2200 hp)

Bunkerage

546 tons diesel fuel

Range

18,000 nautical miles (33,000 km) at 10 knots surfaced
50 nautical miles (90 km) at 5 knots submerged
Sensors
JK and QCD-1 sonar
Modificationsq
Refitted in early 1942 with improved engines, fire control, air condition, and two exterior stern torpedo tubes with reloads.

Minelaying gear was removed in mid-1942 to make room for the Makin raiding party. The mine stowage and handling compartment was fitted with accommodations for about 120 men and the boat was reclasified as an APS, transport submarine.


The Argonaut was completed in 1928 as part of the V program, and was originally designated as V-4. She was a specialized minelaying submarine, the only such ever constructed by the U.S. Navy. She was very large, in order to increase her reserve buoyancy, and therefore unusually habitable for a submarine. She cost an astounding (for that time) $6,150,000 to complete. Her minelaying gear was highly complex and sophisticated, with mechanisms to automatically flood special trim tanks to keep the submarine on an even keel as each mine was released. However, the minelaying gear was difficult to operate, and she was slow and not very maneuverable and took seemingly forever to dive.

Argonaut was off  Wake on 7 December 1941. Following her refit in early 1942, she was hastily modified at Pearl Harbor to carry part of the Makin raiding force. She thus became not only the only U.S. submarine ever classified as a minelaying submarine, but also the only U.S. submarine every officially classified as a transport submarine. (Other submarines assigned to transport duty were never officially classified as transports.)

She was lost off New Britain on 10 January 1943 to a depth charge attack that was witnessed by American aircraft. Fife's decision to send this clumsy and ancient vessel on a war patrol remains controversial.

References

Alden (1979)

Blair (1975)

DANFS

Friedman (1995)


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