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C-47 Skytrain, U.S. Transport Aircraft


Photograph of C-47 Skytrain

U.S. Air Force


Douglas C-47A Skytrain


Specifications:


Crew

2 or more

Dimensions

95’ x 64’5” x 16’11”
28.96m by 19.63m by 5.16m

Wing area

987 square feet
91.7 square meters

Weight

16,970-25,200 lbs (7700-11,430 kg)
Absolute overload 33,000 lbs (15,000 kg)

Maximum speed      

230 mph
370 km/h
Cruise speed 185 mph
298 km/h

Rate of climb     

20 feet per second
6.1 m/s

Ceiling

24,000 ft
7300 meters

Power plant

2 1200 hp (895 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-90D Twin Wasp 14-cylinder two-row radial engines driving three bladed propellers

Range

2125 miles at 170 mph
3420 km at 274 km/h
Fuel
804 gallons
3043 liters
Capacity
28 troops or 6000 lbs (2722 kg) cargo

Production

10,048 by 6/45 at Douglas Aircraft Company, Santa Monica, CA:
  455 DC-3/DST
  953 C-47
  4931 C-47A
  3241 C-47B
  370 C-53

486 were produced by Nakajima as the L2D "Tabby"


No combat aircraft, the C-47 was nonetheless a vital contributor to Allied victory in the war. It was the military version of the DC-3, capable of carrying 28 troops, or more in an emergency. It was used by virtually every combatant nation in the Pacific, including the Japanese, who had begun producing the DC-3 under a 1938 license before war broke out. However, the Japanese never seemed to recognize the full potential of military air transport. It was known in British service as the Dakota and was manufactured by the Russians as the Li-2. The U.S. Navy designated it the R4D.

The DC-3 was the third in a successful design family and the prototype first flew on 17 December 1935. It was originally designed for American Airlines, but many other airlines placed orders, and about 500 had been produced by the time war broke out in the Pacific. Production was promptly militarized and peaked at 4878 airframes in 1944. The military version featured a reinforced floor and large cargo door. Civilian DC-3s pressed into military service carried a bewildering array of designations: C-48, C-49, C-50, C-51, C-52, C-68, and C-8. Those which retained their airliner interior for the benefit of high-ranking staff were designated C-117. Postwar, the DC-3 formed the backbone of the world's civilian air transport industry, and some are still flying today.

About a third of all American C-47 aircrew were deployed against Japan.


References

Gunston (1988)

PilotFriend.com (accessed 2010-8-5)

Wilson (1998)



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