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Caldwell Class, U.S. Destroyers


Photograph of Wickes-class destroyer

Naval Historical Center #54480


Specifications:


Tonnage 1125 tons standard displacement
Dimensions 315'6" by 31'3" by 8'1"
96.1m by 9.53m by 2.46m
Maximum speed    
30 knots
Complement 100
Armament 4 4"/50 guns
2 37mm gun
2 0.30 machine guns
12 21" torpedo tubes
Depth charges
Machinery
2-shaft Parsons geared turbines (18,500 shp)
4 White-Foster boilers
Bunkerage
290 tons
Modifications
Manley was converted to a destroyer-transport by removing one of the 4" guns and all of the torpedo tubes. By the end of the Pacific War, her armament was 3 4"/50 guns, 2 40mm Bofors AA guns, 5 20mm Oerlikon AA guns, one depth charge rack and four depth charge throwers. She had davits for four LCP(L).


The Caldwells were the immediate predecessors of the Wickes class. The design dated to 1913 and reflected experience with the "thousand-tonners" then joining the fleet, which were proving unsatisfactory. The new design was notable for the use of a flush deck that gave them great hull strength, allowing a beamier, shallower hull form that retained high speed while reducing rolling and pitching.  The machinery varied considerably from unit to unit, two of the ships having three rather than two shafts.

Only a few units were still in service when war broke out in the Pacific. Those not converted to destroyer-transports had been given to Britain in the destroyers-for-bases deal of 1940.

Units in the Pacific:


As destroyer-transports:

Manley     
Arrived 1942-7-13     


References

DANFS

Friedman (2004)

Whitley (1988)



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