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Clowes, Cyril Albert (1892-1968)


Photographof Cyril A. Clowes

Australian War Memorial #013337

"Silent Cyril" Clowes graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon, just in time for the First World War, and was wounded at Gallipoli and recovered in time to be decorated for service in France. Unlike many other Australian officers, he remained a professional soldier between the wars. He was a cautious, taciturn veteran of the debacle in Greece early in the Second World War.

Clowes commanded the Allied forces that defended Milne Bay in August 1942. His caution served him well in this battle, where he refused to disperse his troops along the north shore of Milne Bay.  However, he was criticized by both MacArthur and Blamey, neither of whom had seen the terrain, for not moving more quickly to push the Japanese back into the sea. Sickened with malaria, he returned to Australian in 1943 and held rear area commands thereafter.

Service record

1892-3-11     

Born at Warwick, Queensland
1914
Second lieutenant     
Graduates from Royal Military College, Duntroon. Assigned to 1 Field Artillery Brigade.
1916
Captain
2 Division
1920
Major
Instructor, Royal Military College, Duntroon
1936-1
Lieutenant colonel

1938

Chief instructor, School of Artillery, Sydney
1939-8

Commander, 6 Military District, Tasmania
1939-11-2
Colonel

1940-4-5
Brigadier      Commander, Royal Artillery 1 Australian Corps, Middle East
1941

Royal Artillery, 2 Australian Imperial Force
1942-1-7
Major general     
Commander, 1 Australian Division
1942-8-22

Commander, Milne Force
1942-12-7

Commander, 11 Australian Division
1943-2     

Commander, Victoria Lines of Communications Area
1945

Adjutant-general, Australian Military Forces
1946

Commander, Southern Command
1949-6-1
Lieutenant general     
Retires
1968-5-19

Dies at Melbourne

References

Australian Dictionary of Biography (accessed 2011-6-17)

Australian War Memorial (accessed 2011-6-17)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-2-9)

Mayo (1974)

Pettibone (2006)



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