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U.S. Air Force. From Francillon (1979).
U.S. Army. Via ibiblio.org
Aichi E13A1a "Jake"
|Crew||Three in tandem cockpit|
|Dimensions||47'7" by 37'1" by 24'3"
14.50m by 11.30m by 7.39m
36.0 square meters
|Speed||234 mph at 7155 feet
377 km/h at 2180 meters
|Cruising speed||138 mph at 6560 feet
222 km/h at 2000 meters
|Climb rate||27 feet per second
8.2 meters per second
|Power plant||One 1000 hp (746 kW) Mitsubishi Kinsei 43 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine driving a three-blade metal propeller.|
|Armament||One flexible 7.7mm Type 92 machine gun in the rear cockpit|
|External stores||One 250kg (551 lb) bomb, four 60kg (132lb) bombs, or depth charges|
|Production||A total of 1418 E13A1s were
Denki K.K., Funakata:
Also known as the Type 0 Reconnaissance Seaplane, "Jake" was the replacement for the E7K "Alf" and was the most numerous float plane produced by the Japanese. Though lightly armed and unarmored, its long endurance suited its role as a patrol reconnaissance and transport aircraft. It was used in bombing missions when no enemy fighter opposition was expected, as over China early in the war.
The design was a response to a June 1937 call for
a two-seat replacement for the Alf. Aichi, Nakajima and Kawanishi all
responded to the initial call, but when the Navy issued a new
specification for a three-seat reconnaissance seaplane, Kawanishi
decided to concentrate on completing its two-seat design instead. Aichi
finished a prototype three-seater in late 1938 that proved superior to
the Nakajima model, being faster, steadier, and more maneuverable,
though also larger and heavier. By then the Navy had lost interest in
the two-seat designs, and "Jake" went into production in December 1940.
It saw its combat debut in late 1941 over the Canton-Hankow
Railway in China and scouted for the
Pearl Harbor Attack Force.
Towards the end of the war, "Jake" was armed with a downward-firing 20mm Type 99 Model 1 cannon for use against PT boats. It also was sometimes equipped with Type 6 radar or with the Jikitanchiki magnetic anomaly detector for use against submarines. The Jikitanchiki was not very sensitive, requiring the plane to fly no more than 40 feet above the surface.
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