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IX-D Class, German Submarines


Specifications:


Tonnage

1616 tons surfaced
1804 tons submerged

Dimensions

287'6" by 24'6" by 17'9"
87.5m by 7.50m by 5.35m

Maximum speed     

19.2 knots surface
6.9 knots submerged
Dive
to 490 feet
to 150 meters

Complement

57

Armament

6 21" torpedo tubes (22 torpedoes)
1 37mm gun
2x2 20mm gun
Machinery
2-shaft diesel (5400 hp) or electric (1100 hp)
Bunkerage
441 tons diesel fuel

Range

31,500 nautical miles (58,000 km) at 10 knots on surface
8500 nautical miles (16000 km) at 19 knots on surface
121 nautical miles (220 km) at 2 knots submerged
57 nautical miles (110 km) at 4 knots submerged
Modifications
U-195 was converted to a supply submarine before being deployed to the Far East, by removing the torpedo armament to make room for 252 tons of fuel. She had a maximum speed of just 15.8 knots due to the use of less powerful machinery.

The IX-Ds were completed in 1942-45 and a number were allocated to the Indian Ocean, operating primarily out of Penang. They had excellent seakeeping and range, the latter quality being of particular value in the Indian Ocean.


Units in the Pacific:

U-178     

Arrived 1943-8-27      
Withdrew 1943-11-27     

U-181
Arrived 1944-8-8
Taken over by the Japanese 1945-5 as I-501
U-196
Arrived 1944-8-10
Missing 1944-12-1 near Sunda Strait
U-862
Arrived 1944-9-9
Taken over by the Japanese 1945-5-6 as I-502
U-859
Arrived 1944-9-23
Sunk 1944--9-23 off Penang by Trenchant
U-861
Arrived 1944-9-23
Withdrew 1945-1-15

U-195
Arrived 1944-12-28 (Batavia)     
Taken over by the Japanese 1945-5 as I-506

References

Bagnasco (1977)

Uboat.net (accessed 2010-1-16)



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