graduate

Kawabe Torashiro (1890-1960)

Kawabe Torashiro was the brother of Kawabe Masakazu and followed him into the Japanese Army, graduating from the Military Academy in 1912, the Artillery and Engineering School in 1915, and the Army Staff College in 1921. During the 30s, he served as military attaché to Russia, Germany, and Hungary. He was on the staff of Kwantung Army from 1934 to 1936 and was involved in efforts to set up Li Shou-hsin as a puppet warlord in Chahar province. However, he also aligned with Kanji Ishihara's attempt to limit Japanese involvement in China after the Marco Polo Incident.

Kawabe was inspector general of the Army Air Forces at the start of the Pacific war. In 1943, he was given command of 2 Air Army, but returned to staff assignments in 1944. He became vice-chief of staff of the Army in April 1945.

Photograph of Kawabe Torashiro deplaning

Naval Historical Center Photo #80-G-490350

Kawabe was in favor of resisting an Allied invasion of Japan. However, once the Emperor made the decision to surrender, Kawabe played a key role in cementing support for the decision among the top Army leaders, including Umezu, Dohihara, Hata, Sugiyama, and Anami, whom he persuaded to sign an accord supporting the Emperor. He then had the unpleasant duty of leading the delegation to Manila that arranged the details of the surrender. (Kawabe is the officer at the foot of the ladder in the preceding photograph.)

Service record

1890     

Born
1912-5     
Second lieutenant     
Graduates from Military Academy
1914

Artillery and Engineering School
1920
Captain
Army Staff College
1926-1

Resident officer, Latvia
1928
Major
Instructor, War College
1931
Lieutenant colonel

1932

Military attache, Russia
1934-4

General Staff
1934

Chief, Maneuvers Section, Kwantung Army
1935

Chief, Intelligence Section, Kwantung Army
1936-3
Colonel Commander, Imperial Guards Field Artillery Regiment
1937-2

Chief, 2 Section (War Plans), 1 Bureau, General Staff
1938

Instructor, Hamamatsu Army Aviation School
1938-7
Major general
1938-10     

Military attache, Germany
1939-8

Military attache, Hungary
1940-2

Shimoshidzu Army Aviation School
1940-9

Commander, 7 Air Brigade, Manchuria
1941-7-7

Chief of staff, General Defense Command
1941-12-1     

Head, General Affairs Bureau, Inspectorate-General of Army Aviation
1943
Lieutenant general
Commander, 2 Air Division
1943-5-19

Commander, 2 Air Army, Manchuria
1944-2-14

Head, General Affairs Bureau, Inspectorate-General of Army Aviation
1944-8-8
Deputy Inspector-General of Army Aviation
1945-4-7     

Vice chief of the Army General Staff
1945

Retires
1960

Dies

References

Boatner (1996)

Craig (1967)

Dupuy et.al. (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-4-18)

Hayashi and Cox (1959
Pettibone (2007)



Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional