graduate

Liu Chien-hsu (1891-1978)


Photograph of Liu Chien-hsu (Liu Jianxu)

Wikimedia Commons

Liu Chien-hsu (Liu Jianxu) was a native of Hunan and a graduate of Paoting Military Academy who played a significant role in the anti-Communist operations of the late 1920s and early 1930s. He commanded 10 Army Group at Hangchow during the Battle of Shanghai in late 1937. He was able neither to stop the Japanese landings northwest of Hangchow on 5 November 1937 or to hold Hangchow itself the next month. However, he continued to hold high military posts while serving as governor of Fukien province throughout the Pacific War.  He defected to the victorious Communists in 1949.

Service record

1891      

Born in Hunan
1923
Colonel
Commander, 27 Regiment, Hsiang Army
1926

Commander, 4 Brigade
1927
Major general
Commander, 2 Division
1928

Deputy commander, 35 Army
1929

Commander, 29 Division, Punitive Expedition
1930
Lieutenant general
Commander, 28 Army
1933

Chief of staff, Western Route Army
1934

Commander, 1 Pursues Army Corps
1935

Commander, Frontline Forces, 1 Bandit Suppression Detachment
1936

Commander, 4 Route Army
1937
Lieutenant general      
Commander, 10 Army Group
1941

Commander, 25 Army Group
1948

Strategic Advisory Board
1949

Defects to Chinese Communists
1972

Dies

References

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-5-6)

Hsu and Chang (1971)

Tong (1947)


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